Medial Collateral Ligament
Ligaments hold your bones together to add stability to your knee, giving you more power to balance. Typical injuries either strain the ligament or tear it.
The Medial Collateral Ligament is located on the inner side of the knee. It attaches the tibia, or shinbone, to the bottom of the femur, or thighbone.
How does a MCL sprain occur?
This type of knee injury is typical in contact sports. An MCL sprain will generally occur when a blow to the outer side of the knee causes stretching or tearing of the MCL. It can also be caused by twisting the knee.
Symptoms may include the following:
- You have sharp pain and soreness on the inner side of your knee.
- Your knee is swollen and tender.
- You have the feeling of your knee giving way.
- You hear or feel a pop or snap at the time of injury
MCL Sprain Treatment:
- Apply ice to your knee for 20 to 30 minutes every three to four hours for two to three days or until the pain and swelling go away.
- Keep your knee elevated whenever possible by placing a pillow underneath it until the swelling goes away.
- Your healthcare provider may recommend wearing a knee immobilizer or knee brace to keep you from moving and further injuring your knee and to minimize the pain of moving your knee.
- Use crutches until you can walk without pain.
- Your healthcare provider may recommend gentle range of motion exercises to maintain range of motion in the knee.